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fdstream.hpp

/* The following code declares classes to read from and write to
 * file descriptore or file handles.
 *
 * See
 *      http://www.josuttis.com/cppcode
 * for details and the latest version.
 *
 * - open:
 *      - integrating BUFSIZ on some systems?
 *      - optimized reading of multiple characters
 *      - stream for reading AND writing
 *      - i18n
 *
 * (C) Copyright Nicolai M. Josuttis 2001.
 * Permission to copy, use, modify, sell and distribute this software
 * is granted provided this copyright notice appears in all copies.
 * This software is provided "as is" without express or implied
 * warranty, and with no claim as to its suitability for any purpose.
 *
 * Version: Jul 28, 2002
 * History:
 *  Jul 28, 2002: bugfix memcpy() => memmove()
 *                fdinbuf::underflow(): cast for return statements
 *  Aug 05, 2001: first public version
 */
#ifndef BOOST_FDSTREAM_HPP
#define BOOST_FDSTREAM_HPP

#include <istream>
#include <ostream>
#include <streambuf>
// for EOF:
#include <cstdio>
// for memmove():
#include <cstring>


// low-level read and write functions
#ifdef _MSC_VER
# include <io.h>
#else
# include <unistd.h>
//extern "C" {
//    int write (int fd, const char* buf, int num);
//    int read (int fd, char* buf, int num);
//}
#endif


// BEGIN namespace BOOST
namespace boost {


/************************************************************
 * fdostream
 * - a stream that writes on a file descriptor
 ************************************************************/


class fdoutbuf : public std::streambuf {
  protected:
    int fd;    // file descriptor
  public:
    // constructor
    fdoutbuf (int _fd) : fd(_fd) {
    }
  protected:
    // write one character
    virtual int_type overflow (int_type c) {
      if (c != EOF) {
          char z = c;
          if (write (fd, &z, 1) != 1) {
            return EOF;
          }
      }
      return c;
    }
    // write multiple characters
    virtual
    std::streamsize xsputn (const char* s,
                      std::streamsize num) {
      return write(fd,s,num);
    }
};

class fdostream : public std::ostream {
  protected:
    fdoutbuf buf;
  public:
    fdostream (int fd) : std::ostream(0), buf(fd) {
      rdbuf(&buf);
    }
};


/************************************************************
 * fdistream
 * - a stream that reads on a file descriptor
 ************************************************************/

class fdinbuf : public std::streambuf {
  protected:
    int fd;    // file descriptor
  protected:
    /* data buffer:
     * - at most, pbSize characters in putback area plus
     * - at most, bufSize characters in ordinary read buffer
     */
    static const int pbSize = 4;        // size of putback area
    static const int bufSize = 1024;    // size of the data buffer
    char buffer[bufSize+pbSize];        // data buffer

  public:
    /* constructor
     * - initialize file descriptor
     * - initialize empty data buffer
     * - no putback area
     * => force underflow()
     */
    fdinbuf (int _fd) : fd(_fd) {
      setg (buffer+pbSize,     // beginning of putback area
            buffer+pbSize,     // read position
            buffer+pbSize);    // end position
    }

  protected:
    // insert new characters into the buffer
    virtual int_type underflow () {
#ifndef _MSC_VER
      using std::memmove;
#endif

      // is read position before end of buffer?
      if (gptr() < egptr()) {
          return traits_type::to_int_type(*gptr());
      }

      /* process size of putback area
       * - use number of characters read
       * - but at most size of putback area
       */
      int numPutback;
      numPutback = gptr() - eback();
      if (numPutback > pbSize) {
          numPutback = pbSize;
      }

      /* copy up to pbSize characters previously read into
       * the putback area
       */
      memmove (buffer+(pbSize-numPutback), gptr()-numPutback,
            numPutback);

      // read at most bufSize new characters
      int num;
      num = read (fd, buffer+pbSize, bufSize);
      if (num <= 0) {
          // ERROR or EOF
          return EOF;
      }

      // reset buffer pointers
      setg (buffer+(pbSize-numPutback),   // beginning of putback area
            buffer+pbSize,                // read position
            buffer+pbSize+num);           // end of buffer

      // return next character
      return traits_type::to_int_type(*gptr());
    }
};

class fdistream : public std::istream {
  protected:
    fdinbuf buf;
  public:
    fdistream (int fd) : std::istream(0), buf(fd) {
      rdbuf(&buf);
    }
};


} // END namespace boost

#endif /*BOOST_FDSTREAM_HPP*/

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